POMPAI is a child newspaper born in colonial times. This newspaper comes along with the emergence of movements in Indonesia. Before becoming a child newspaper, POMPAI was a newspaper that also often voiced national movements. Suspicion and pressure from the colonial government, made POMPAI transformed into a child newspaper with the aim of educating indigenous children, especially in West Sumatra. There are several children's newspapers that appear together with the POMPAI newspaper. Among them; Chain Mas and Pelipoer Heart. Both of these newspapers have similarities and differences but have the same goal of wanting to entertain indigenous children and teach knowledge through newspapers. Not many of these children's newspapers are present in West Sumatra. In addition to the pressure from the colonial government, the economic condition of indigenous newspaper businessmen is often a constraint. Age of this newspaper can be said not long or last long. POMPAI itself only lasted about two years. However, his role in the development of the knowledge of indigenous children is taken into account. This can be seen from the rubric and writing as well as the influence of the newspaper POMPAI. Not many natives children can attend school, this newspaper beceme one means of education for them to be illiterate and learn a little to increase knowledge.